5 Gross Chemicals That Are Lurking in Your Mattress–and How to Avoid Them

5 Gross Chemicals That Are Lurking in Your Mattress--and How to Avoid Them

If you’re one of the lucky people who tend to fall asleep at night without a problem, please accept our apologies.

What you’re about to hear might make it little harder to snooze soundly at night.

Chances are, your mattress is home to some pretty icky stuff. And we’re not talking about dust mites, dirt from weird stains, or dog hair.

We’re talking about chemicals.

What’s Really in Your Mattress

child underneath bed
Whether your mattress is memory foam or a traditional innerspring model, chances are most of that cushy material is polyurethane foam.

Whether your mattress is memory foam or a traditional innerspring model, chances are most of that cushy material is polyurethane foam, the synthetic chemical that comes from petroleum.

Yup. Chances are, you’re sleeping on a fossil fuel-based mattress. Which in itself can seem a little strange.

But it gets worse: Polyurethane foam contains volatile organic compounds, or VOCs. VOCs include a range of different chemicals, but the one thing they all have in common is that they’re slowly released into the air at room temperature.

Which means they’re insanely easy to breathe in while you’re sleeping.

A sampling of conventional mattresses tested…found that the sleep surfaces contained a whopping 61 different VOCs.

In fact, when Sleep Safe in a Toxic World author Walter Bader had a sampling of conventional mattresses tested by an independent lab, they found that the sleep surfaces contained a whopping 61 different VOCs.

Which ones might be hanging out in your bed? It’s tough to know for sure, since there’s not much regulation around what manufacturers can or can’t use in their mattress—or what they’re required to disclose.

Still, there’s a pretty good chance that these toxic nasties might make the list:

  • Formaldehyde A preservative used as an adhesive in mattresss, formaldehyde can irritate the nose, throat, and skin, and could increase the risk for coughing and wheezing, according to the EPA.
  • Polybrominated diphenyl ethers Flame retardants linked to reduced fertility and hormonal changes, as well as lower birth weight, lower IQ, and hyperactivity in kids, says the Green Science Policy Institute.
  • Benzene A known carcinogen that occurs naturally in petroleum.
  • Toulene diisocyanates Used to make foams more flexible, toluene diisocyanates are thought to be human carcinogens, according to a report from the National Institutes of Health.
  • Polyols They’re used to add bulk and help bind polyurethane foams. And though some polyols are derived from soybeans and other natural sources, the majority come from petroleum.

Buying a Better Mattress

Is it possible to find a mattress that isn’t loaded up with questionable chemicals? The good news is yes. The bad news? The shopping process isn’t exactly straightforward.

Because there’s zero regulation when it comes to what counts as an “organic” or “natural” mattress, you’ll have to do some homework before handing over your credit card. If a mattress manufacturer makes green claims, dig a little deeper to find out exactly how their products are made.

If the process is actually green, finding that information from a manufacturer will probably be pretty easy. Amerisleep, for instance, is up-front about the fact that we use a high proportion of plant-based ingredients.

Our memory foam is manufactured using Variable Pressure Foaming (VPF), a zero-emissions process that results in very low VOCs. Plus, our rayon- and cellulose-based fibers meet flame retardant standards without the use of harmful chemicals.

Even so, don’t just take the manufacturer at their word. You should also check to see whether its been verified by a reputable third-party certifier. A few to look for:

greenguard-icon
GREENGUARD The gold standard in third-party certifiers, GREENGUARD certified mattresses and bedding are screened for over 10,000 chemicals, including VOCs.

oeko-tex
Oeko-Tex certified fabrics, including those used in mattresses, are independently tested for harmful substances commonly used in textile manufacturing.

How to Protect Yourself Right Now

Not in the market to buy a new, safer mattress right now? We hear you. Buying a new bed isn’t exactly something most of us can afford to do on the fly—especially when it comes to greener options.

So how can you minimize your VOC exposure? Consider investing in a polyethylene mattress cover. It can act as a barrier to keep some of the chemicals in your mattress instead of out in the air that you breathe.

[A polyethylene mattress cover] is the only safe material that can actually stop VOCs from off-gassing.

Yes, it’s a plastic—but it’s one that’s considered safe and nontoxic. And according to experts at Healthy Child Healthy World, it’s the only safe material that can actually stop VOCs from off-gassing into your indoor environment. (Cotton covers aren’t woven tightly enough to block chemicals.) Another benefit is that the covers keep your mattress clean and healthy, too.

And when you do decide to take the plunge on a new mattress? Here’s how to find one without breaking the bank.

Amerisleep: Enjoy the morning you've dreamed of.

Marygrace Taylor

Marygrace Taylor is an award-winning health writer for Amerisleep. Somehow, she manages to get eight hours of sleep almost every night.